With the popularity of decorative concrete on the rise, many people considering remodeling, particularly in the northwest, feel like it isn’t an option for them simply because they have plywood sub-floors. They think they are stuck with traditional flooring choices like tile, carpet, linoleum, or hardwood. Many old school contractors would tell you the same thing. This is simply not the case. If you are looking for the beauty and personalization available in decorative concrete flooring, you can absolutely achieve this look with an installation over your plywood sub-floor without any compromises in quality.

In the past, there were many obstacles to overcome to make this type of installation work. You would have to put down about four inches of concrete to get a floor that wouldn’t crack and crumble. If you were trying to butt up against any other types of flooring, there would always be issues with the transitions. Anywhere that had low ceilings or standard door openings was ruled out, as they would become too low. In most cases, the weight of the material alone would prove more than the structure itself could handle. This ruled out almost all applications.

In recent years, products have been developed that can be applied considerably thinner without losing any structural integrity. Installers developed systems that would now allow just about any type of decorative concrete floor to be installed over wood sub-floors at a thickness around ½” to ¾”; the same as most traditional flooring types.

The Existing Linoleum Bathroom Floor

A typical installation would involve first checking the integrity of the sub-floor. Any loose boards should be refastened. Securing the entire area with screws is a good idea, as most nailed down sub-floors would allow for more movement and increase the possibly of the finish floor cracking. Older homes with smaller joists sizes that allow floors to flex more, may not be good candidates. Most newer construction homes should have adequate joist sizing that is 16” on center and plywood that is sufficient to support the material.

After the sub-floor has been secured, sand the surface with 60 grit disc to remove contaminants and create a profile for the new material to bond to. After sanding, vacuum to remove all dust and loose debris. Depending on the product you want to use, a primer might be required before the base coat. Once the floor is clean this would be installed according to the manufacturers specifications. When the primer is ready for re-coating, staple down galvanized metal lath, making sure to overlap all joints by at least two inches. Staple at least every six inches in the field and every four inches where your lath laps. You may want to put additional staples into the framing members below the sub-floor to make sure it is secure.

Now you are ready for a base coat or fill coat. This is similar to a scratch coat in stucco installations. Trowel your material to just barely cover your metal lath. A self-leveling material may make this easier, but you should have some familiarity with this type of work to get the best results. Once the base coat is ready to re-coat, you can install the decorative coat. This can be a integrally colored micro-topping or one you can stain or dye, a stamped concrete overlay, a decorative epoxy, or just about any other type of decorative finish you desire.

Stamped Overlay Installed Over a Plywood Sub-Floor

Once the decorative coat is dry you will need to protect it. There are many options available depending on the type of decorative product used. A very important consideration is how the space is going to be used. A space with only light foot traffic wouldn’t require the same type of protection as a commercial space with heavy foot traffic. You will at the very least want to use a floor wax, but more common are acrylic sealers and polyurethanes. Polyaspartic polyureas are gaining popularity due to their high durability, low VOC’s, and quick cure times that allow spaces to be returned to use quicker. Once your top coat is dry you can begin enjoying your decorative concrete surface.

With so many options available in decorative concrete, you can easily create a personalized floor that will wow everyone who sees it. Since installing decorative concrete over wood sub-floors is a relatively new process, it also tends to surprise people. You can now create floors that are not only unique in color and style, but are unique to the space they are installed in. If you are looking for that one of kind type look, and thought it wasn’t obtainable in flooring, perhaps you need to consider decorative concrete?

We would love to hear from you on this or any other decorative concrete topic.

The Finished Stamped Overlay Floor